How to Clean a Firearm’S Recoil Spring?

To clean a firearm’s recoil spring, disassemble the firearm and remove the spring for thorough cleaning and inspection. Cleaning a firearm’s recoil spring is an essential aspect of firearm maintenance.

In addition to reducing recoil, the spring also ensures that the firearm functions properly. However, a dirty or damaged recoil spring can cause malfunctions, leading to dangerous situations. Before cleaning the recoil spring, it is crucial to disassemble the firearm and remove the spring.

This process ensures that the spring is thoroughly cleaned and inspected for signs of wear and tear. Regular cleaning of the recoil spring will extend its lifespan and maintain the firearm’s overall performance. In this article, we will explain how to clean a firearm’s recoil spring step-by-step.

How to Clean a Firearm'S Recoil Spring?


Step-By-Step Guide To Cleaning Your Firearm’S Recoil Spring

Cleaning your firearm’s recoil spring is an essential maintenance step that ensures the safety and longevity of your firearm. Recoil springs can become clogged with grime, lint, and other contaminants over time, which can make the spring less effective and cause your firearm to malfunction.

Here’s a step-by-step guide to cleaning your firearm’s recoil spring.

Removing The Recoil Spring From Your Firearm

Before you can clean your firearm’s recoil spring, you’ll need to remove it from your firearm. Here’s how:

  • Ensure that your firearm is unloaded.
  • Remove the slide from your firearm.
  • Locate the recoil spring assembly. This is the metal piece that sits at the end of your firearm’s barrel.
  • Use a small tool, like a punch or screwdriver, to push the recoil spring stop out of the way.
  • Slide the recoil spring assembly off of your firearm’s barrel.

Disassembling The Recoil Spring

Once you have removed the recoil spring from your firearm, you’ll need to disassemble it to clean the individual components. Here’s how:

  • Using a tool, like pliers, carefully separate the recoil spring guide from the recoil spring.
  • Remove the spring plug from the recoil spring.
  • Separate the recoil spring into individual components.

Cleaning The Recoil Spring Components

Now that you have disassembled the recoil spring, it’s time to clean the individual components. Here’s how:

  • Soak all of the recoil spring components in a cleaning solution, like gun oil or rubbing alcohol. Allow the components to soak for at least 10 minutes.
  • Use a brush, like a toothbrush, to gently scrub each component. Be sure to remove any caked-on dirt or debris.
  • Rinse each component in hot water and dry thoroughly.

Lubricating The Recoil Spring Components

Once you have cleaned all of the recoil spring components, it’s time to lubricate them. Here’s how:

  • Apply a small amount of lubricant, like gun oil, to each component. Be sure to coat all surfaces of each component.
  • Reassemble the recoil spring, making sure that all components are properly seated.

Reassembling Your Firearm’S Recoil Spring

Now that your recoil spring is clean and lubricated, it’s time to reassemble it onto your firearm. Here’s how:

  • Slide the recoil spring assembly back onto your firearm’s barrel.
  • Replace the recoil spring stop.
  • Reassemble the slide onto your firearm.
  • Test your firearm to ensure that the recoil spring is functioning properly.

Best Practices For Properly Maintaining Your Firearm’S Recoil Spring

Firearm maintenance is essential in extending the lifespan of your weapon and ensuring it functions correctly. A critical component of your firearm is the recoil spring, which absorbs the energy produced by the firearm’s firing and helps with recoil management.

Neglecting its maintenance can cause issues, such as malfunctions and even accidents. Here are some best practices for properly maintaining your firearm’s recoil spring.

Determining The Frequency Of Cleaning And Maintenance

The frequency with which you should clean and maintain your firearm’s recoil spring depends on how often you use your weapon. It is always best to clean your firearm after every use, especially if it was exposed to harsh weather conditions, dust, or mud.

However, if you seldom use your firearm, it’s best to clean it at least every six months to ensure it is functioning correctly.

Here are some signs that indicate a firearm’s recoil spring needs maintenance:

  • The weapon produces stovepipe jams.
  • The magazine fails to feed cartridges properly.
  • The sound of the firearm changes, indicating it needs greasing or oiling.
  • The spring appears deformed or worn.

Inspecting Your Recoil Spring Regularly For Wear And Tear

Regular inspection of your firearm’s recoil spring for wear and tear is essential to prevent malfunctions. Recoil springs lose tension as they are used and can lead to failures to feed and eject properly. Here are some steps to inspect your recoil spring:

  • Remove the recoil spring from your firearm.
  • Inspect the spring for deformities, such as bending or kinks.
  • Check the spring’s length and compare it to the manufacturer’s specifications.
  • Use a magnifying glass to inspect the spring for cracks, corrosion, or wear.
  • Replace the recoil spring if any defects are found.

Proper Storage Of Your Firearm

Proper storage is essential in prolonging the lifespan of your firearm, including its recoil spring. Here are some tips:

  • Store the firearm in a cool, dry place.
  • Use a silicone-treated cloth to wipe your firearm after handling it.
  • Coat your weapon with a light film of oil or gun grease to protect it from moisture damage.
  • Store the weapon with the magazine outside to prevent spring compression.

Maintaining your firearm’s recoil spring is essential for the overall performance and longevity of your weapon. By following these best practices, you can ensure your firearm is functioning reliably.

Common Mistakes To Avoid When Cleaning Your Firearm’S Recoil Spring

Cleaning your firearm’s recoil spring is a crucial aspect of firearm maintenance. Recoil spring cleaning is performed to ensure that your firearm functions correctly and accurately. In this blog post, we shall explore the common mistakes to avoid when cleaning your firearm’s recoil spring to ensure that it continues to operate at optimal levels.

Using The Wrong Cleaning Materials

Using the wrong cleaning materials can lead to irreversible damage to the recoil spring components. Some of the cleaning materials to avoid include steel wool, harsh chemicals, and solvents.

To clean your firearm’s recoil spring correctly, use the right materials, including bore cleaner, gun oil, nylon brushes, and a microfiber cloth. The bore cleaner helps remove the dirt and grime buildup, while the gun oil ensures the spring and the components are adequately lubricated.

Improperly Disassembling And Reassembling The Recoil Spring Components

Disassembling and reassembling the recoil spring components are vital steps in cleaning your firearm. However, incorrectly disassembling or reassembling the parts can damage the spring or other components.

To avoid damaging your firearm, ensure that you consult the owner’s manual and follow basic guidelines on disassembly and reassembly. If you encounter any difficulties, consult a professional gunsmith.

Over-Lubrication Of The Recoil Spring Components

Over-lubricating the recoil spring components may seem like it protects the spring components, but it can lead to misfires and jams.

To avoid over-lubrication, use the recommended amount of gun oil and do not apply excessive amounts. Ensure that the lubricant is spread evenly across the parts to ensure optimal performance.

Overall, cleaning your firearm’s recoil spring is a crucial aspect of firearm maintenance. Careful attention is necessary to avoid any permanent damage to the components. By following the guidelines mentioned above and avoiding the common mistakes previously discussed, your firearm’s recoil spring will work correctly and accurately, ensuring the longevity of your firearm.

Frequently Asked Questions Of How To Clean A Firearm’S Recoil Spring?

How Often Should Recoil Spring Be Cleaned?

It is recommended to clean the recoil spring every 500 to 1000 rounds, or after every shooting session. This will ensure that the spring performs optimally and prolong its lifespan.

Can You Clean A Recoil Spring With Solvents?

Yes, solvents such as clp (cleaner, lubricant, protectant), brake cleaner, or gun cleaner can be used to clean a recoil spring. Apply the solvent on a clean cloth and wipe the spring thoroughly.

Can A Dirty Recoil Spring Affect Gun Performance?

Yes, a dirty or worn-out recoil spring can affect the gun’s performance and accuracy. It can cause the gun to malfunction, create excessive recoil, or fail to cycle properly.

How Do You Know When To Replace A Recoil Spring?

If the recoil spring shows signs of wear, such as cracking, rusting, or losing tension, it is time to replace it. Also, if the gun fails to cycle properly or shows excessive recoil, consider replacing the spring.

What Is The Best Way To Store A Recoil Spring?

When not in use, store the recoil spring in a dry and cool place, away from direct sunlight or moisture. Use a plastic bag or a small container to keep it clean and protected from dust or debris.

Should You Oil Or Grease A Recoil Spring?

No, it is not necessary to oil or grease a recoil spring. The spring tends to attract dirt and debris if oiled, which can affect its performance. Simply clean the spring with a solvent and wipe it dry.


The recoil spring is a vital component of your firearm that requires adequate cleaning and maintenance for it to function optimally. Neglecting this critical part can result in firearm malfunctions, which can compromise your safety. By following the steps mentioned above, you can properly clean your firearm’s recoil spring, ensuring it remains in good condition for an extended period.

Remember to wear protective gear when dealing with firearms, and always adhere to the manufacturer’s instructions when cleaning and maintaining your firearm. Keeping your firearm in top condition guarantees that it will serve you well for years to come, making it a worthy investment.

With regular maintenance, you can avoid costly repairs and replacements while ensuring your firearm remains safe to use. Happy shooting!






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