How to Clean an Ak-47 Rifle?

To clean an ak-47 rifle, disassemble the gun, clean the barrel, bolt carrier group, and gas system, and lubricate the moving parts. Cleaning the rifle is essential for optimal performance and extending the life of the firearm.

When cleaning your ak-47, you need to have the proper tools and cleaning supplies, including a cleaning rod, bore brush, cleaning patches, cleaning solvent, and lubricating oil. Furthermore, ensure all the parts are free of debris, rust, and carbon build-up, especially the gas system, which can be prone to fouling.

Neglecting to clean your ak-47 regularly can lead to malfunctions and decreased accuracy. Properly cleaning your ak-47 regularly is essential to ensure its longevity and reliability in the field.

How to Clean an Ak-47 Rifle?


Tools And Materials Needed For Cleaning

Cleaning an ak-47 rifle is crucial for maintaining its performance and extending its lifespan. Neglecting regular cleaning can result in malfunctions and rust build-up, which can cause permanent damage to the weapon. In this section, we will take a look at the essential tools and materials required for cleaning an ak-47 rifle.

Cleaning Kit Essentials

The following are the must-have tools and materials needed for cleaning your ak-47 rifle:

  • Bore brush: This is used to scrub the inside of the barrel to remove any fouling or debris.
  • Cleaning rods: It is a long, thin metal rod that is used for attaching different types of bore brushes.
  • Bore snake: It is a portable alternative to a cleaning rod, which is pulled through the barrel to clean it.
  • Cleaning solvent: You must choose a solvent that is compatible with your rifle’s metal components and the ammunition used.
  • Lubricant: You must apply the lubricant sparingly to the moving parts of the rifle to prevent it from creating friction and corrosion.

Protective Gear That You May Need

Cleaning an ak-47 can expose you to harmful fumes and chemicals. Therefore, it is essential to wear protective gear to safeguard yourself. Below are the recommended protective gears:

  • Nitrile gloves: Wearing gloves can protect your skin from cleaning solvents and lubricants.
  • Eye protection: When cleaning the bore, there may be a risk of solvent splashing into the eyes. Therefore, it is crucial to wear protective eyewear when cleaning.

Recommended Cleaning Cloth And Lubricants

Cleaning cloths and lubricants are necessary to keep your ak-47 functioning smoothly. Choose a cleaning cloth that is free from lint and abrasive material so that it won’t scratch the rifle’s metal surface.

Regarding lubricants, there are different types to choose from, such as silicone oil, gun oil, and grease. You must select the one that best suits your rifle’s components and operating conditions.

Before you start cleaning your ak-47 rifle, ensure that you have the essential tools and materials required for the task. Take the necessary precautions to protect yourself, and choose the appropriate lubricant for optimal performance and longevity of your rifle.

Step-By-Step Guide To Cleaning An Ak-47 Rifle

The ak-47 is a reliable and somewhat easy-to-maintain rifle that has been used by various military forces worldwide. However, just like any other firearm, it still requires regular maintenance to ensure optimal performance and longevity.

Disassembling The Ak-47

Proper maintenance of an ak-47 rifle begins with disassembling it. Follow these steps for a successful disassembly:

  • Ensure the firearm is unloaded before disassembling.
  • Remove the magazine and double-check the chamber to ensure it’s empty.
  • Disengage the safety and then pull the charging handle back to its rearmost position.
  • Press the retainer button and carefully remove the dust cover.
  • Lift out the recoil spring, bolt carrier group, and gas tube from the receiver.
  • Remove the pistol grip screw to detatch the lower receiver from the upper receiver.

Cleaning The Barrel And Bore

The next step is to clean the ak-47 rifle’s barrel and bore. The barrel is the part of the gun through which the projectile travels. Follow these steps:

  • Apply a suitable cleaning solution through the barrel and let it sit for some time.
  • Use a bore brush to scrub the barrel in a back-and-forth motion, starting at the breach and moving to the muzzle.
  • Follow up with a solvent-soaked cleaning patch wrapped around the bore brush, repeatedly pushing it through the bore until it comes out clean.
  • Use dry cleaning patches to remove any remaining solvent, and then apply lubricant

Cleaning The Gas System And Piston

Gas is critical to the operation of the ak-47 rifle. The gas system is composed of three parts: the gas block, the gas tube, and the piston. Follow these steps to clean the gas system:

  • Use a cleaning brush or pipe cleaner soaked in cleaning solvent to clean the gas block and gas tube.
  • Scrub the piston and the surrounding chamber with a wire brush and cleaning solvent.
  • Use a rag soaked in cleaning solution to wipe down any remaining solvent.

Lubricating The Ak-47

Lubrication is essential for maintaining an ak-47 rifle. The following steps describe how to lubricate your ak-47 rifle:

  • Apply a thin layer of oil to all metallic moving parts.
  • Pay attention to the bolt carrier group, hammer, trigger, and sear.
  • For more effective lubrication, use an aerosol lubricant and let it diffuse for 12 hours.

Reassembling The Ak-47

The final step is to reassemble the ak-47.

  • Reassemble all the parts of the gas system.
  • Reinstall the lower receiver and secure it using the pistol grip screw.
  • Reinstall the bolt carrier group into the gas tube and the receiver.
  • Test the rifle to ensure the safety is functional.
  • Load a magazine with ammunition and test fire the rifle to ensure proper functionality.

With these simple steps, you can keep your ak-47 rifle in top working condition and reliable for many years to come. Remember to maintain a regular cleaning schedule for your firearm, especially after usage or storage for any prolonged time.

Common Mistakes To Avoid During Cleaning

Cleaning an ak-47 rifle is an essential practice for any gun owner or enthusiast. It’s vital to keep your firearm neat, lubed, and free from dirt and debris. If you own an ak-47 rifle, you might already know how crucial the cleaning process is for its longevity.

However, there are some common mistakes that you should avoid when it comes to cleaning your rifle. Let’s delve into some of the common mistakes that you should avoid during cleaning.

Over-Cleaning The Ak-47 Rifle

Cleaning your ak-47 rifle is necessary to keep it in top condition. However, over-cleaning the rifle could have adverse effects and is a common mistake gun owners make. Here’s why:

  • Over-cleaning could lead to damaging the rifle parts, which is not cost-effective.
  • Over-cleaning could remove the lubrication, causing the firearm to wear out like a rusty metal.
  • Over-cleaning could lead to parts corrosion due to excess solvents being used during the cleaning process.

Avoid over-cleaning your ak-47 rifle. Clean it regularly with the appropriate cleaning solvents and lubricants.

Using The Wrong Cleaning Solvents And Lubricants

Another common mistake ak-47 rifle owners make is using the wrong cleaning solvents and lubricants. Choosing the right cleaning solvents and lubricants is essential for maintaining your rifle for long. Here are the reasons why:

  • Using the wrong cleaning solvents and lubricants could have a harmful effect on the rifle parts. It could lead to rust and corrosion, reducing the gun’s lifespan.
  • Different rifle parts need different solvents. It is essential to avoid using the wrong solvents, which might affect the firearm’s functions.

Ensure you use the appropriate cleaning solvents and lubricants specified by the gun manufacturer. Avoid experimenting with untested cleaning products.

Reassembly Mistakes

Reassembling an ak-47 rifle can be tricky, and it’s common for gun owners to make mistakes that could affect the rifle’s performance. Avoid these mistakes:

  • Assembling the rifle parts in the wrong order could make the rifle non-functional.
  • Not thoroughly cleaning and lubricating each part after disassembling could affect the rifle’s performance.

Ensure that you have the manufacturer’s manual with you when reassembling your ak-47 rifle. Clean each part and lubricate them correctly before putting them back together.

Cleaning an ak-47 rifle is necessary to keep it in top condition. While cleaning your firearm, avoid over-cleaning, using the wrong cleaning solvents and lubricants, and reassembling mistakes. With these simple steps, your ak-47 will last for an extended period, even with regular use.

Faqs On Cleaning And Maintaining An Ak-47 Rifle

Cleaning and maintaining an ak-47 rifle is crucial to ensure its longevity and accuracy. Here are some frequently asked questions on how to clean an ak-47 rifle:

What Is The Frequency For Cleaning An Ak-47 Rifle?

Cleaning frequency largely depends on how often you use your rifle. However, a general rule of thumb is to clean your ak-47 after every 500 rounds fired. Cleaning your ak-47 regularly ensures its smooth functioning and avoids any malfunctions. It’s always better to clean more frequently than less frequently to be on the safe side.

Some tell-tale signs that suggest that your ak-47 rifle needs cleaning and maintenance are:

  • Inconsistent shooting: If the gun does not shoot as accurately as it used to, it may need cleaning or maintenance.
  • Difficulty in ejecting cartridges: This indicates that the rifle’s internal parts have become dirty or clogged, and cleaning is necessary.
  • Excessive recoil: If the gun kicks harder than it usually does, it may be time to clean the internals.

How Can You Avoid Rust And Corrosion On Your Rifle?

Rust and corrosion are one of the major problems faced by firearm owners, and which can severely impact the gun’s performance. Here are some ways of preventing rust and corrosion on an ak-47 rifle:

  • Keep your rifle dry: After every use, always make sure to dry your rifle using a clean cloth to avoid the accumulation of moisture. Moisture is one of the primary causes of rust and corrosion on guns.
  • Store your rifle properly: Store your ak-47 in a cool, dry place with low humidity levels. You can also use a dehumidifier to ensure your gun is always dry.
  • Apply lubricant: Proper lubrication will reduce metal-to-metal friction and also keep moisture at bay. However, make sure to wipe off excess lubricant as this too can attract moisture.
  • Use a rust preventative solution: Applying a rust preventative solution designed for firearms can be the ideal solution to protect guns from rust and corrosion.

Is It Necessary To Clean An Ak-47 Rifle After Every Use?

Cleaning an ak-47 rifle after every use is not necessary; however, it is highly recommended. Frequent cleaning ensures that your rifle is free from dirt, debris, and other contaminants that can significantly impact its performance. Not cleaning your firearm regularly may result in rust, corrosion, and other malfunctions, which can cause significant damage to your rifle.

It’s always better to be safe than sorry and clean your ak-47 rifle after every use.

Remember, regular cleaning and maintenance of your ak-47 rifle ensure its longevity, accuracy, and overall performance. By following the tips mentioned above, you can keep your ak-47 rifle in excellent condition for years to come.

Frequently Asked Questions For How To Clean An Ak-47 Rifle?

How Often Should I Clean My Ak-47 Rifle?

It is recommended to clean your ak-47 rifle after every use. A clean rifle ensures proper functioning and extends the life of the firearm.

What Materials Do I Need For Cleaning My Ak-47 Rifle?

You will need cleaning solvent, lubricant, a cleaning rod, patches, a bore brush, a chamber brush, and a nylon cleaning brush.

Can I Disassemble My Ak-47 Rifle For Cleaning?

Yes, you can disassemble your ak-47 rifle for cleaning. Consult the owner’s manual, or seek the help of a professional gunsmith.

How Do I Clean The Barrel Of My Ak-47 Rifle?

Attach the bore brush to the cleaning rod, dip it in the solvent and run it through the barrel several times. After that, clean with patches and lubricate the barrel.

How Do I Clean The Receiver And Other Parts Of My Ak-47 Rifle?

Use a nylon brush dipped in solvent to clean the receiver and other parts. After that, use a chamber brush to clean the chamber and lubricate all the parts.

Can I Use Any Type Of Lubricant For Cleaning My Ak-47 Rifle?

No, you should only use high-quality specialized gun lubricants designed for the ak-47 rifle. Do not use any other lubricant or oil, as it can harm the firearm.


Maintaining an ak-47 rifle is a crucial task for every gun owner. Frequent cleaning of the rifle not only ensures its longevity and smoother functioning but also makes it safer to handle. You must follow the necessary guidelines to clean your ak-47 rifle effectively.

Post cleaning, ensure that you inspect every part of the rifle to make sure it is free from dirt, grime, or debris. Remember to oil and lubricate every component for smooth operations. Cleaning an ak-47 rifle may seem like a daunting task at first, but with practice and dedication, it can be a straightforward process.

A well-maintained ak-47 rifle can last a lifetime and provide you with a reliable and effective firearm. With these simple steps, you can clean and maintain your ak-47 rifle in the best possible way. Happy cleaning!






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